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Old Instrument Illustration
The Challenge of Launching Old Scientific Instruments

By Karen Halterman Scientific instruments for robotic NASA space missions are usually designed for flight on a specific satellite with a planned launch date. Sometimes multiple copies of instruments are developed to fly on several satellites. Occasionally, the last instrument in the series is launched years after originally planned and may be decades old when […]

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Magnetospheric Multiscale: An In-House and Contracted Mission

By Karen Halterman The Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission, a scientific satellite–development project managed by the Goddard Space Flight Center, is both an in-house project and a contracted one.

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