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The Space Shuttle Atlantis carried the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science (ATLAS-1) module in its cargo bay in March 1992 during the STS-45 mission. The ATLAS-1 instruments are back dropped against the Atlas Mountains and dunes in the Iguidi Dune Sea near Mali in the western Sahara. Credit: NASA
This Month in NASA History: STS-45 Studies Earth

First flight of ATLAS examined Earth’s complex mesosphere and solar science.

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NASA operates two Airborne Science ER-2 aircraft for a wide variety of environmental science, atmospheric sampling, and satellite data verification missions. Credit: NASA/Carla Thomas
NASA Project Flies into the Storm

IMPACTS finds surprises inside powerful snowstorms.

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The GOES-R series of satellites, shown here in an artist rendering, provide advanced imagery and measurements for a variety of applications, from detailed monitoring of weather systems to tracking environmental hazards, such as wildfires, dust storms, and volcanic eruptions. Credit: NASA
NASA, NOAA Prepare for GOES-T Launch

Latest weather satellite will improve forecast models, wildfire tracking.

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NASA astronauts James D. A. “Ox” van Hoften, and George D. “Pinky” Nelson train to capture and repair the Solar Maximum Mission spacecraft at Marshall Space Flight Center’s Neutral Buoyancy Simulator. The training included using the Manned Maneuvering Unit (MMU). Credit: NASA/MSFC
This Month in NASA History: Solar Maximum Mission

Rescued spacecraft examined sunspots, solar flares and more.

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An orange zinnia floats in the International Space Station, part of a successful effort to grow flowers and lettuce in space. The project connects astronauts to home and augments their food supply. Credit: NASA
NASA Crowdsources Space Food Innovation

Deep Space Food Challenge enters Phase 2 with demonstration projects.

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The surface of Venus is marked by hundreds of large volcanoes such as Maat Mons, shown here in this computer-generated three-dimensional image. Credit: NASA
NASA Missions to Shine New Light on Venus

The closest planet to Earth has proven elusive to understand.

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The Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF), after nearly six years orbiting Earth, is retrieved during space shuttle mission STS-32. LDEF gathered data about how high-performance spacecraft materials withstand long-term exposure to solar radiation, space debris, and the extreme temperatures of Low Earth Orbit. This information helped engineers select the best materials to build the International Space Station, Mars rovers, and other spacecraft. Credit: NASA
This Month in NASA History: Recovering LDEF

NASA’s Long Duration Exposure Facility reveals hazards of Low Earth Orbit.

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This artist’s illustration shows NASA’s Laser Communications Relay Demonstration relaying a laser communication signal to a ground station on Earth. Optical communications systems promise dramatic increases in data transfer rates. Credit: NASA
Demonstration Mission to Test Laser Communications

Bidirectional system offers significant increase in data transfer rates.

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This spiral galaxy, M51, also known as the Whirlpool Galaxy, has come into much sharper focus as centuries of innovation in telescopes has revealed increasing levels of detail. Credit: NASA
Flagship Telescopes Reveal the Unexpected

Astronomers will use Webb to continue the long search for early galaxies.

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