The X-31 was an international flight research program that involved collaboration from NASA, U.S. Air Force, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, U.S. Navy, Deutsche Aerospace, German Federal Ministry of Defense, and Rockwell International during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
NASA developed and instituted an independent technical authority process after the Space Shuttle Columbia accident occurred. The technical authority model is designed to develop policy and procedural requirements and standards for program and project management when applicable and appropriate.
Mentoring can be defined as a process where someone with experience or knowledge teaches or gives advice to a less experienced and often younger person.
Rehearsals and simulations can help to develop experience for a team preparing to support a launch.
NASA has learned many lessons about working with international partners during the International Space Station (ISS) Program.
At NASA, balancing the need to innovate to meet project requirements with the amount of risk you are able to tolerate is always an important consideration for leaders.